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If this is your case, you should not be alarmed. Although most women are concerned when the gynecologist tells them they have a ovarian cystIt must be said that, normally, cysts in the ovary are something normal, and that more than 25% of women can have it throughout their lives.
We tell you what the ovarian cysts, why they appear, and how they are different from other types of ovarian cysts.
Ovarian cysts are small sacs filled with liquid that form on the ovary or in its interior, and that are very frequent in women of childbearing age, that is, between 16 and 50 years.
In principle we should not worry about it, in fact, you may have some and you have not even known about it, since in most cases usually have no symptoms, and if they do, they are usually mild pain or discomfort in the abdominal part.
It is true that, in cases of torsion or rupture of the cyst capsule, the pain is intense, and must be solved with a surgery by laparoscopy.
But, in many cases these cysts disappear by themselves, so, whatever your case, it is always recommended that we have regular gynecological check-ups.
Different types of ovarian cysts
Not all ovarian cysts they are the same, and of course they have nothing to do with a fibroid. While the cyst is a collection of fluid that forms in the ovary, fibroids develop from the growth of muscle fibers in its covering.
Cysts can be:
- Functional cyst: It occurs with each ovulation, when the egg is released from the ovary by not being fertilized. This ovum is created inside a sachet called a follicle, which normally disappears after menstruation.
- Follicular cyst: It forms when the follicle does not open to release the egg.
- Cyst in the corpus luteum: It appears if the follicle is sealed after releasing the egg. These disappear usually after a few weeks of the rule, but sometimes they can grow too large and run the risk of bleeding inside and twisting the ovary causing severe pain.
When should we be alarmed
In most cases there are no symptoms, but if you have severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, extreme sensitivity in the chest, pressure in the rectum or in the bladder, pain during sexual intercourse or difficulty urinating, it is advisable that you go to a specialist since there are other pathologies, such as endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy or an ovarian cancer that must be controlled.
How are ovarian cysts removed?
Usually disappear on their own, but if the contraceptive pill is not usually prescribed, to regulate hormones, or surgery is used.
A cyst is not a myomaBut usually neither of you can have symptoms. If you are over 30 years old, your period is heavy and painful, you feel abdominal pain or have losses between menstrual cycles, you should go to the gynecologist to rule out that it is a fibroid.
Fibroids are benign tumors. As a rule, it is ordered to analyze the fibroid tissue to rule out that it is cancerous, if it is benign it only produces problems in some cases, such as difficulty in getting pregnant.
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